MODERNIZATION OF SPORTS EQUIPMENT AS A FACTOR OF INCREASING OF DIFFICULTY SCORE OF COMPETITIVE ROUTINES IN TRAMPOLINE GYMNASTICS
Ключові слова:trampoline gymnastics, modernization of equipment, World Championships, World Cups.
Introduction.Trampoline gymnastics is a modern sport that has been included in the program of the Olympic Games since 2000.
Constant improvement of the sports equipment, changes and innovations to the international rules of competitions ensure the continuous development of the sport and the wide world popularity of trampoline gymnastics.
Aim is to acknowledge the relationship between the modernization of sports equipment and increasing of the difficulty score of competitive routines of athletes in trampoline gymnastics.
Material and methods: theoretical analysis of scientific and methodical literature, retrospective analysis of protocols of international competitions, video analysis, methods of mathematical statistics.
Results. The conducted research allowed to determine the main models of trampolines used at the international competitions in different historical periods; video analysis revealed the basic elements which formed athletes' competitive routines in 1964-1972; retrospective analysis of protocols of international competitions permitted to calculate the average, maximum and minimum difficulty scores of competitive routines of leading athletes in trampoline gymnastics at the World Championships and the World Cups from 1972 to 2020 and identify the interconnection between modernization of the trampolines and increasing of the difficulty scores of competitive routines of trampoline athletes in different historical periods of the sport development.
Conclusions. The led studies confirmed the interconnection between increasing of numbers of high difficult elements and difficulty scores of competitive routines of athletes and modernization of sports equipment in trampoline. According to the results of the research, the average difficulty score of competitive routines of qualified athletes raised from 0.2 to 0.5 points and maximum difficulty score from 0.1 to 0.7 points after introduction of each new model of trampoline.
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