RECREATION EFFECT OF THE ‘STRETCHING’ SYSTEM ON THE PHYSICAL AND PSYCHOLOGICAL STATE OF MIDDLE AGED WOMEN
Ключові слова:middle-aged women, stretching, pilates, physical condition, psychological state, health
Introduction. Today, the Stretching system is an effective way to increase the level of physical activity of middle-aged women. The introduction of elements of the "Stretching" system in the author’s fitness programs at the "Faktura" fitness center in Kyiv encourages the study of their impact on the physical and psychological condition of women.
The aim of this work is to study the impact of physical culture and health classes using the system "Stretching" on the physical and psycho-emotional state of middle-aged women.
Material and methods. In the course of the research the following methods were used: analysis of a scientific writer on the research topic, questionnaires, flexibility tests using exercises for spinal mobility, methods of mathematical statistics. The research was conducted on the basis of Fitness Studio "Invoice" in Kyiv. The study involved middle-aged women aged 21-35, who are engaged in a fitness studio (a total of 64 people).
Results. As a result of the study, it was found to improve flexibility, increase the level of physical performance, physical fitness of women. During the study, it was found that in the structure of motivation of middle-aged women to exercise using the "Stretching" system in the first place is a preventive and health motive.Conclusions. In the course of the study it was found that in addition to improving flexibility, classes using the "Stretching" system help to increase the level of physical performance, physical fitness of middle-aged women. In the structure of motivation of middle-aged women to classes using the means of the "Stretching" system in the first place is a preventive and health motive.
Beliak YI. Tasks of health fitness. Sportuvnui visnuk Pridneprovia. 2011;2:66-68. Ukrainian
Beliak YI. Classification and methodological features of health fitness. Pedagogy, psychology and medical and biological problems of physical education and sports. 2014;11:3-7. Ukrainian
Biletskaya VV, Bondarenko FB, Danilchenko YuV. Programming of stretching classes in the process of physical education of female students. Bulletin of Chernihiv National Pedagogical University. 2012;98(ІІІ):58-61. Ukrainian
Blagiy OL, Lysakova NM. Trends in the development of group fitness programs. Theory and methods of physical education and sports. 2013;2:54-58. Ukrainian
Erakova L, Tomilina Yu. Substantiation of approaches to building health programs in Pilates for women. Bulletin of Chernihiv National
Pedagogical University. T. Shevchenko. 2015;129 (III):128-131. Ukrainian
Ivanenko OA. The effect of fitness on the physical condition and motivation of women. Theory and practice of physical culture. 2010;1:32-35. Russian
Laís Campos de Oliveira, Raphael Gonçalves de Oliveira, Deise Aparecida de Almeida Pires-Oliveira. Comparison between static stretching and the Pilates method on the flexibility of older women. Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies [Internet] 2016 Oct [cited 2020 Jan 23]; 20(4):800–806. Available from: https://www.bodyworkmovement therapies.com/article/S1360-8592(16)00009-7/ppt
Kloubec J. Pilates: how does it work and who needs it? Muscles Ligaments Tendons J. [Internet] 2011 Apr-Jun [cited 2020 Jan 20]; 1(2):61–66. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3666467/
Andersen JC. Stretching Before and After Exercise: Effect on Muscle Soreness and Injury Risk. Journal Athletic Training [Internet]. 2005 Jul-Sep [cited 2020 Jan 11]; 40(3):218–220. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih. gov/pmc/articles/PMC1250267/
Wilkinson A. Stretching the truth. A review of the literature on muscle stretching. Australian Journal of Physiotherapy [Internet]. 1992 [cited 2020 Jan 24]; 38(4):283–287. Available from: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science /article/pii/S0004951414605717?via%3. DOI:10.1016/S0004-9514(14)60571-7
Sands WA, Mcneal JR, Murray SR, Ramsey MW, Sato K, Mizuguchi S, Stone MH. Stretching and Its Effects on Recovery: A Review. Strength and conditioning journal [Internet]. 2013 [cited 2020 Jan 24]; 35:30-36. Available from: https://www.slideshare.net/ proffernandofarias/stretching-and-its-effects-on-recovery.
Авторське право (c) 2021 Спортивна наука та здоров'я людини
Ця робота ліцензується відповідно до Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.