COMPARATIVE CHARACTERISTICS OF THE DEVELOPMENT OF COORDINATIVE ABILITIES OF 7-9 YEARS OLD SCHOOLCHILDREN AND THEIR COEVALS, WHO ARE SYSTEMATICALLY ENGAGED IN TAEKWONDO
Ключові слова:coordination skills, physical health, physical fitness, technical skills
Introduction. The formation of the health of schoolchildren and the full development of their body is one of the main problems in modern society. Determining effective methods of developing coordination skills in schoolchildren by means of martial arts in extracurricular forms of physical education is very important because there is a need to find and use effective methods aimed at developing physical, psychological and intellectual properties of primary school children.
Aim is to determine the differences in the level of development of coordination abilities of students who are systematically engaged in the taekwondo section in comparison with children who are engaged in the standard program.
Material and methods: analysis and generalization of data of scientific and methodical literature sources and the Internet, questionnaires, pedagogical observation, pedagogical experiment, pedagogical testing, methods of mathematical statistics.
Results. The sensitive period for the development of coordination skills is the age of 5-7 years. Age 7-11 years gives the second strongest effect of the development of these abilities. Thus, the coordination abilities of children of primary school age need purposeful development, and the main means for the education of coordination abilities are physical exercises of increased coordination complexity, which contain certain elements of novelty.Conclusions. It is determined that children who do not go to out-of-school sports facilities experience excessive muscle tension. The results of untrained children and children-athletes showed the lag of the former in terms of the ability to arbitrarily relax muscles (25.98%). According to the results of a comparative analysis of the level of development of abilities to coordinate movements in children of primary school age, the following data were obtained: in children-athletes the average result is 21.92 ± 0.8s, while in children not trained - 30.19 ± 1.83 s, which indicates a low level of development of this coordination quality (p <0,05).
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